In an increasingly digitalized world, software development teams have become key players in the creation and success of innovative applications and systems.
For this, it is necessary to have a solid team that is made up of specific roles, each with clearly defined responsibilities.
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In this blog, we'll explore the critical roles needed on a software development team and how each contributes to the success of the project. We invite you to learn about the DAPC product management and development model.
What roles does your software development team need to have?
Below we explain the functions of each of these roles in a software development project:
Product Owner: The Product Owner is responsible for representing the needs of the customer and the product. Its main function is to define and prioritize the requirements, as well as maintain a clear vision of the final product. This role is responsible for managing the project backlog and ensuring that user stories are clear and understandable to the development team.
Scrum Master: The Scrum Master acts as the facilitator and leader of the development team. Its primary goal is to ensure that agile principles and Scrum practices are followed. In addition, the Scrum Master is responsible for removing any obstacles that may affect the team's productivity. This role promotes effective communication and encourages self-management and continuous improvement.
Developers: Developers are in charge of writing the code and building the product. They may have different specializations, such as front-end, back-end, or full-stack developers. Their job is to understand the requirements, design technical solutions, implement features, and perform unit tests to ensure software quality.
User Interface (UI) Designer: The UI designer concentrates on the visual and aesthetic part of the software. Their task is to create user interfaces that are intuitive, attractive, and consistent with the goals of the product. Work in collaboration with the development team and the Product Owner to ensure an optimal user experience.
User Experience (UX) Designer: The UX designer focuses on the overall user experience when interacting with the software. Their goal is to understand user needs and expectations and design solutions that are easy to use and satisfying. Through research, prototyping, and usability testing, the UX designer seeks to improve usability and user experience.
Test Analyst: The test analyst deals with the quality of the software. Their main role is to perform extensive tests to find bugs and make sure that the product meets the stated requirements. This role can also participate in the creation of test cases, the execution of automated tests and the documentation of the obtained results.
When you develop a software product and depending on your budget and target delivery dates, you may need one or more development teams.
If we are talking about a single product or related products for the same requirements backlog, for example a web application, an API and a mobile app, then you need a Product Manager who manages the project and the product backlog and guides the team in Regarding priorities, requirements, scope, among others, while interacting with customers and other stakeholders to continue refining the backlog.
You will also need one or more teams with the following roles:
Front End Developer
It is recommended to have at least one frontend developer for every backend developer as well as 1 Test Engineer (QA) for every 3 programmers.
You will also need the following roles that can be shared between 1 and up to 3 teams:
If we are talking about very large products and projects, we may have to divide some of these roles into more specific or specialized ones and by levels of experience (Senior, Mid Senior, Junior). For example:
SDET In charge of automated tests
SRE (Site Reliability Engineer)
At CasandraSoft we implement Agile and many of the fundamentals of the Scrum framework, however we have developed our own methodology based on our years of experience developing software.
Discover the DAPC product development and management model
After years of experience in various types of projects that required the implementation of agile models such as Scrum, Lean Startup, Kanban, etc., our CEO Aleli Sánchez Méndez modified DAC to adapt to a specific type of project and the conditions of the organization.
This is how Agile Development of Products with Quality arose, it is a model of management and development of software products applying the Scrum Framework at the same time that the processes of the PMBOK Guide are used as a complement to achieve a higher quality in management and therefore in the project results.
In this model we will have the following roles:
Project Manager: He will be in charge of the Project Management processes and is the one who will be in charge of creating the product development team and the activities of the Initiation Phase. Ultimately responsible for keeping project/product documentation updated and monitoring the progress of projects/products. Head of the projects under his responsibility. You can manage several projects at the same time within the same organization but if it is a large Project/Product with several Scrum Teams it is better that you dedicate yourself to this one Project/Product. You must be committed to the implementation of Scrum and know its basics.
Reliability Team: Will be in charge of Support processes (Processes, Quality, DevOps and TechOps). It is common to the different Scrum teams of the product/project and can fulfill this function for several products of the organization depending on the size. You must be committed to the implementation of Scrum and know its basics. In charge of defining the artifacts and formats for the necessary documentation to be generated during the execution of the Sprint trying to comply at the same time with the quality principles, the values and principles of the Agile Manifesto and the values and artifacts of Scrum. In charge of maintaining a safe, quality and automated technological infrastructure, guaranteeing the integration and continuous delivery of the products/projects under his responsibility.
Scrum Master: All the functions defined for a Scrum Master in the Scrum Guide. Internal to the product/project. It serves a single product or project that may be composed of multiple Scrum Teams. You must have all the skills required for this role.
Product Owner: All roles defined for a Product Owner in the Scrum Guide. Internal to the product/project, although it may be a representative appointed by the client. Serves a single project team. You must have all the skills required for this role. Preferably, you should have sufficient basic knowledge of programming, software quality, and systems analysis and design.
Scrum Team: The Scrum Team, as described in the Scrum Guide, is a multidisciplinary team. It is considered that it must have at least the following capacities or performance areas: Software Architecture, Programming, Software Quality, Deployment, Design, Systems and/or business analysis, Databases, UI/UX Design, among others. There may be multiple Scrum Teams working on the same project or product.
Stakeholders: Involved with power and influence over the project or product, either from the organization itself or from the clients.
Agile Trends for 2023:
Scaling Agile: As it continues to expand, organizations will look for ways to scale it at the enterprise level. This involves adapting agile practices to larger projects and multiple teams, using frameworks such as SAFe (Scaled Agile Framework) or LeSS (Large-Scale Scrum).
Integration of digital tools: With the advancement of technology, companies will increasingly adopt digital tools to support their agile processes. From project management platforms to collaboration tools, these solutions will help improve communication and productivity in agile environments.
Agile approach outside of software development: Although Agile originated in the field of software development, its application is not limited to this area. In 2023, we will see other industries like marketing, human resources, and even traditional project management adopt agile approaches to improve their efficiency and adaptability.
In short, each of these roles plays a crucial role on a software development team. The collaboration between them makes it possible to address different aspects of the project, from the definition of the requirements to the final delivery of the product. Having a balanced team with complementary skills is essential to achieve success in software development. By understanding the importance of each role and fostering effective communication, efficiency is maximized and better results are achieved. Ultimately, building a strong team is key to the success of any software development project.